The Medical University of Innsbruck (MUI) is not only the predominant medical institution of the Austrian federal state Tyrol and the surrounding Alpine areas but also a university renowned internationally for its research. Founded in 1669 as one of the first of four faculties of the University of Innsbruck and as the first medical academic institution of the Alpine region, the medicine faculty developed into a flagship of the university. In 2002 it undertook the important step of becoming independent and since then has borne the title of a university in its own right.